Articles Referencing Julian Jaynes's Bicameral Mind Theory
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The Hallucinating Brain: A Review of Structural and Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Hallucinations
Allen, P., F. Laroi, P.K. McGuire, A. Aleman. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 2008, 32 (1): 175-191.
Hallucinations remains one of the most intriguing phenomena in psychopathology. In the past two decades the advent of neuroimaging techniques have allowed researchers to investigate what is happening in the brain of those who experience hallucinations. ...
Anstey, Josephine, Neil Coletta, Dave Pape, Courtney Hatten, Min Young Kim, Debra Burhans, Devin Wilson Proceedings of the 9th ACM Conference on Creativity & Cognition, 2013, 24-31. Improvising Consciousness is an experimental work of intermedia performance: a cognitive science fiction which addresses questions of situated consciousness, pre- & post-human identity, and creativity.
Ambidexterity and Magical Ideation
Barnett K.J. and M. Corballis. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain, and Cognition, 2002, 7 (1): 75-84.
In a sample of 250 healthy undergraduate students, scores on a scale of magical ideation rose to a peak at the point of ambilaterality on a scale of hand preference, and fell away with increasing right- or left-handedness. This effect mirrors that reported by Crow, Crow, Done, and Leask (1998) who found a dip in academic abilities at the point of ambilaterality, or what they call ''the point of hemispheric indecision''. We relate these findings to genetic theories of laterality in which one allele (RS+) codes for left-cerebral dominance while the other (RS-) leaves laterality to chance. RS-- homozygotes may be susceptible to a lack of dominance, resulting in a disposition to magical ideation and an increased risk of schizophrenia, but also enhanced creativity and lateral thinking.
Caring for the Psyche: Classical Origins and Modern Paradigms
Bemporad, Jules. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 1996, 24: 353-363.
The Real, the Virtual, and the Moral: Ethics at the Intersection of Consciousness
Bivins, Thomas H. and Julianne H. Newton. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Exploring Questions of Media Morality, 2003, 18(3-4):213-229.
The promise of virtual reality is that it may eventually lead us to a "third state of consciousness" transcending the objective reality of our embodied beings and opening up to us a world of expanded realization.
Reflections on Metaphor and the Nature of Mind
Buchman, Ethan. Studies by Undergraduate Researchers at Guelph, 2011, 4 (2).
Experience is not given to us; it is constructed. As we develop in a particular culture, our minds establish a framework of reality by which we are able to make judgments about the world and discern its nature. Each culture develops a slightly different framework, and tends to see the world in slightly different ways. We often lose sight of this fact, finding ourselves hypnotized by our own mental constructions and technologies. It is through the power of metaphor that we become ensnared in illusory conceptions of reality. But it is also through this same power that we may free ourselves from these bonds.
Cerebral Glucography with Positron Tomography: Use In Normal Subjects and In Patients with Schizophrenia
Buchsbaum, M.S., D.H. Ingvar, R. Kessler, R.N. Waters, J. Cappelletti, D.P. van Kammen, A.C. King, et al. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1982, 39: 251-259.
Local cerebral uptake of deoxyglucose labeled with fluorine 18 was measured by positron-emission tomography in eight patients with schizophrenia who were not receiving medication and in six age-matched normal volunteers. Subjects sat in an acoustically treated, darkened room with eyes closed after injection of 3 to 5 mCi of deoxyglucose 18F. After uptake, seven to eight horizontal brain scans parallel to the canthomeatal line were done. Scans were treated digitally, with a 2.3-cm strip peeled off each slice and ratios to whole-slice activity computed. Patients with schizophrenia showed lower ratios in the frontal cortex, indicating relatively lower glucose use than normal control subjects; this was consistent with previously reported studies of regional cerebral blood flow. Patients also showed diminished ratios for a 2.3-cm square that was positioned over central gray-matter areas on the left but not on the right side. These findings are preliminary; issues of control of mental activity, brain structure identification, and biologic and anatomic heterogeneity of schizophrenia remain to be explored.
Demons, Doubles, and Dinosaurs: Life before Man, The Origin of Consciousness, and 'The Icicle'
Carrington, Ildiko de Papp. Essays on Canadian Writing, 1986, 33.
The Reels of Consciousness (Book Review)
Cornwell, J., Brain, 2013, 136: 3200-3203.
The Origins of Jewish Guilt: Psychological, Theological, and Cultural Perspectives
Dein, Simon. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health, 2013, 15 (2): 123-137.
The idea that guilt and Judaism are closely interlinked has a long historical legacy. ...
Faith: The Fifth Psychological Need?
Dennis, Brent G. Journal for Reality Therapy, 1989, 8 (2): 39-56.
Argues that new discoveries in brain science suggest that faith may be another basic human need in addition to the needs of belonging, power, fun, and freedom suggested by W. Glasser (1986). The author briefly discusses brain structure and some major events in brain science, including the study of a weakened frontal-limbic connection in a 25-year old man; the frontal lobe surgery of A. Moniz; the split-brain discoveries of R. Sperry; and the brain stimulation discoveries of W. Penfield. In discussing the modular organization theory of M. S. Gazzaniga (1988) and the bicameral mind theory of J. Jaynes (1977), the author suggests that brain structure and physiology may contribute to the existence of spiritual beliefs.
Free Will and the Brain: Are We Automata?
Duch, Wlodzislaw. Chapter in M. Jaskula and B. Buszewski (eds.), Ethics and Science for the Environment, 3rd European Forum., Societas Humboldtiana Polonorum, 2011, 155-170.
The Evolution of Childhood Reconsidered
Ebel, Henry. Journal of Psychohistory, 1977, 5 (1): 67-80.
Laterlized Temporal-Limbic Dysfunction and Psychopathology
Flor-Henry, P. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1976, 28: 777-795.
The Executive Brain: Frontal Lobes and the Civilized Mind (Book Review)
Forrest, David V. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2002, 159: 1615-1616.
The Evolution of the Concept of Psyche from Homer to Aristotle.
Gabor, Katona. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 2002, 22 (1): 28-44.
In the following essay the author examines those aspects of the evolution of the concept of psyche from Homer to Aristotle that show striking dissimilarities with our modern understanding of the soul/mind. In this analysis, the author gives more room to the problem of the Homeric soul-words, for Homer's picture of the soul seems to be especially challenging for our conceptual schemes. The guiding suspicion during this study is that there is a temptation for modern students of this subject to suppose a greater continuity between their understanding of what it is to be a soul or mind and ancient thinkers' grasp of the same experiential field than is warranted by available textual evidence.
The Split-Brain Human Computer User Interface
Garvey, Gregory P. Leonardo, 2002, 35 (3): 319-325.
Inspired by accounts of split-brain research and anticipated by experiments of the Surrealists, this interface-like work in augmented virtual reality and wearable computing aims at "enhanced" interaction while creating a new aesthetic experience.
Panic! Affect Contagion, Mimesis and Suggestion in the Social Field
Gibbs, Anna. Cultural Studies Review, 2008, 14: 2.
This essay describes the phenomenon of panic from both neurological and affective points of view.
Literary Evidence for the Cultural Development of a Theory of Mind
Gordon, Andrew and Anish Nair. Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 2003, July 7-12.
The term Theory of Mind is used within the cognitive sciences to refer to the abilities that people have to reason about their own mental states and the mental states of others. An important question is whether these abilities are culturally acquired or innate to our species. This paper outlines the argument that the mental models that serve as the basis for Theory of Mind abilities are the product of cultural development. To support this thesis, we present evidence gathered from the large-scale automated analysis of text corpora. We show that the Freudian conception of a subconscious desire is a relatively modern addition to our culturally shared Theory of Mind, as evidenced by a shift in the way these ideas appeared in 19th and 20th century English language novels.
Subjective Reality: "The Hard Question"
Hughes, Owen. Christian Spirituality and Science, 2013, Vol. 9 (1).
The manner in which the 100 billion or so neurons in the human brain work together to give us the rich subjective of conscious experience has been referred to as the "hard question." ...
"Act Promptly, Make Your God Happy" Representation and Rhetorical Relations in Natural Language Generation
Hundleby, Margaret N. Workshop On Intentionality And Structure In Discource Relations, 2002, 44-47.
The Sumerian proverb in the title is evoked by Julian Jaynes as he documents the laborious process of coming to consciousness. ...
Truth, Telling the Truth, and Being Truthful Affect, Nonverbal Communication, and the Constitution of Ethical Relationship
Harmon, Michael M. Administrative Theory & Praxis, 2011, 33: 509-529.
This article links Oliver Sacks's examination of receptive (or global) aphasia with Julian Jaynes's hypothesis concerning the origin of reflective consciousness to clarify the role of nonverbal communication in the constitution of ethical relationships.
Claude Levi-Strauss Reconsidered: Cognitive Science, Epistemology, and the (Not So Savage) Algebraic Mind
Haskell, Robert E. Cognitive Semiotics, 2008, 3: 65-90.
Reconsidering Levi-Strauss' work — on the eve of his 100th year of life — that the structure of cognition is algebraic and analogical as indicated by his analysis of preliterate myths, along with a brief review and analysis of mathematics and cognition, structuralism, and epistemology, the paper suggests that critics of his work (a) were only partially correct, (b) approached his material from an inappropriate epistemology, and (c) while, in application his structural method is problematic, (d) being a pioneer his value is to have posited a novel conceptualization that merits further research. Finally, (e) based on related findings, it is suggested that his notion of an algebraic/analogical mind, which allowed him to illustrate a novel mathematical framework in his structuralist project, can be modeled and tested.
An Invigorating Dialogue on Consciousness
Jarva, Vuokko. Journal of Futures Studies, 2011, 16 (1): 177-188.
There was an energetic dialogue on consciousness on the World Futures Studies Federation list from November 2010 until January 2011. More than thirty members participated, and the amount (number) of messages was close to 250. ... The dialogue extended upon two axes: the positioning of consciousness in relation to brain, body, living beings and the world, and the evolution of the consciousness.
Poetry as Right-Hemispheric Language
Kane, Julie. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2004, 11 (5-6): 21-59.
Free Will Debates: Simple Experiments Are Not So Simple
Klemm, W.R. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 2010, 6 (6): 47-65.
The notion that free will is an illusion has achieved such wide acceptance among philosophers and neuroscientists that it seems to be acquiring the status of dogma. Nonetheless, research in this area continues, and this review offers a new analysis of the design limitations and data interpretations of free-will experiments. This review presents 12 categories of questionable conclusions that some scholars use to promote the idea that free will is an illusion. The next generation of less
ambiguous experiments is proposed.
"Between the Dream and Reality": Divination in the Novels of Cormac McCarthy (thesis)
Kottage, Robert A., Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2013, Paper 2310.
My thesis uses divination as the starting point for a close reading of each of McCarthy's novels. Research into Babylonian, Greek, Roman and African soothsaying practices is included, as well as the insights of a number of McCarthy scholars. ...
Freud's Illusion: New Approaches to Intractable Issues
Kronemyer, David E. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2011, 21 (4): 249-275.
In his later theological work The Future of an Illusion, Freud (1927/1961) makes provocative suggestions about the psychological significance of religious ideas. ... The purpose of this article is not to evaluate whether Freud was right, that is, if religion in fact is an illusion.
Binary Thinking, Hope, and Realistic Expectations in Communication with Cancer Patients
Lowenstein, J., in A. Surbone, M. Zwitter, M. Rajer, and R. Stiefel (eds.), New Challenges in Communication with Cancer Patients, 2013, 247-252.
What Color Is the Sky on Your Planet? A Review of Investigations in Behavioral Epistemology
Malone, John C., Maria E.A. Armento, Stephanie T. Epps. Behavior and Philosophy, 2003, 31: 47-61.
Consciousness, Mental Imagery, and Action
Marks, D.F. British Journal of Psychology, 1999, 90 (4): 567-585.
This article is founded on the bold claim that mental imagery is a basic building block of all consciousness. ... The theory helps to explain the existence and function of conscious experience.
Auditory Hallucinations: Psychotic Symptom or Dissociative Experience?
Moskowitz, Andrew. Journal of Psychological Trauma, 2008, 6 (2-3): 35-63.
While auditory hallucinations are considered a core psychotic symptom, central to the diagnosis of schizophrenia, it has long been recognized that persons who are not psychotic may also hear voices. ... we argue that hearing voices should be considered a dissociative experience, which under some conditions may have pathological consequences. In other words, we believe that, while voices may occur in the context of a psychotic disorder, they should not be considered a psychotic symptom.
Reconceptualizing the Separative Self
Narayanan, V. Hari. In S. Menon, A. Sinha, B.V. Sreekantan (eds.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Consciousness and the Self, 2014, 65-72.
The idea of the self plays a pivotal role in human life. The most common way of conceptualizing the self may be called the free-floating or separative self. This amounts to treating the self as something away from the web of life and as something in need of protection and aggrandizement. Another major characteristic of the free-floating self is the belief in free will. There have been many studies questioning the empirical validity of free will, and this takes cudgels against the free-floating self-conception also. Even though some traits associated with this kind of self-conception might have had evolutionary advantages, it is not difficult to see that the moorings of many human problems can be traced to the separative self-conception. Therefore, efforts need to be made to develop an alternate way of understanding the self. It is contended in this chapter that the conception of the free-floating self is primarily a case of gut feeling of certainty and our present environment is conducive to overcome this inveterate way of understanding ourselves.
Personality and Consciousness: A Theoretical Essay
Natsoulas, Thomas. Cognition and Brain Theory, 1984, 7 (2): 135-166.
Introduces a concept of conscious personality that refers to the distinctive, subjective organization of a person's personal consciousness. ... The depreciation of consciousness in modern psychology is examined, with particular reference to the position of J. Jaynes (1976).
Structures of Corporate Consciousness
Neville, Bernie. Integrative Explorations Journal, 2003.
In Gebser's understanding, our contemporary consciousness is multi-structured or, to change the metaphor slightly, multi-layered. The complexity of human behavior comes out of the interplay of these several "layers" or "levels" of consciousness in whatever we do. ...
Hallucinations, An Existential Crisis?
Nikolova, Jennifer Kanary. Metaverse Creativity, 2011, 1 (2): 197-206.
Having hallucinations is often seen as one of the key symptoms of mental health problems, in particular to those of schizophrenia. ... We might think about how this might inform us about the nature of reality in a way that would diminish the existing stigma that surrounds psychosis and schizophrenia. We might even wonder whether the concept of hallucination has the right to exist.
Umbelini: The Voice of the Unconscious
Norris, Penny. Psychological Perspectives: A Quarterly Journal of Jungian Thought, 2003, 45 (1): 14-33.
The Neuropsychology of Hallucinations
Pavlovic, DM. and AM Pavlovic. Archives of Biological Sciences, 2011, 63 (1): 43-48.
Hallucinations are a psychopathological phenomenon with neuropsychological, neuroanatomical and pathophysiological correlates in specific brain areas. ... Disinhibition and expansion of the inner speech was noted with impaired internal monitoring in auditory verbal hallucinations.
Incremental Improvement of Dichotic Left Ear Accuracy and Toe Gnosis Between 9 and 10 Years of Age: Implications for Maturation of a Portion of the Corpus Callosum and of the Sense of Self
Persinger, M.A., J.A. Moulden, P.M. Richards. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain, and Cognition, 1999, 4 (4): 379-387.
Analyses of the data from 212 boys and girls, aged 7-14 years, demonstrated a relatively abrupt and permanent decrease in the numbers of errors for dichotic (left ear) word listening and for toe gnosis after the ninth year. This pattern was not observed for right ear errors, finger gnosis, or indices of finger and foot agility. The results are compatible with the hypothesis that the final differentiation of the paracentral lobules and adjacent corpus callosum by the most distal portions of the Anterior Cerebral Artery occurs around 9 or 10 years of age. Implications for the development of the sense of self, enhanced apprehension, and "the sense of a presence" are discussed.
Palmer, Anthony J. Philosophy of Music Education Review, 2002.
The question, "Why do humans value music?" is stimulating and of more than philosophical importance. The answer lies at the deepest recesses of human existence and should affect the way music is viewed as a subject for study in the public schools. ...
Pines, M. Psychology Today, 1978, 12: 38-42.
Presence, Poetry and the Collaborative Right Hemisphere
Platt, Carole Brooks. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2007, 14 (3): 36-53.
Emerging selves: Representational Foundations of Subjectivity
Prinz, Wolfgang. Consciousness and Cognition, 2003, 12 (4): 515-528.
A hypothetical evolutionary scenario is offered meant to account for the emergence of mental selves. According to the scenario, mental selves are constructed to solve a source-attribution problem. They emerge when internally generated mental contents (e.g., thoughts and goals) are treated like messages arising from external personal sources. As a result, mental contents becomes attributed to the self as an internal personal source. According to this view, subjectivity is construed outward-in, that is, one's own mental self is derived from, and is secondary to, the mental selves perceived in others. The social construction of subjectivity and selfhood relies on, and is maintained in, various discourses on subjectivity.
The Descent of Humanity: The Biological Roots of Human Consciousness, Culture and History
Recchia-Luciani, Angelo N. M. Biosemiotics, 2013, 8: 53-84.
The notion of species-specific modelling allows us to construct taxonomies of mental models, based on the concept of qualia, such as posing 'invariant requests to neural processes', supporting networks of which are subject to selective pressures. ...
Romme, Marius A.J. and Alexandre D.M.A.C. Escher. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 1989, 15 (2): 209-216.
An experiment is described in which people with auditory hallucinations were brought into contact with each other.
The Retrieval of Memory in Early Infancy
Rovee-Collier, Carolyn K. and Jeffrey W. Fagen. Advances in Infancy Research, 1981, 1: 225-254.
Describes a learning analysis approach to the study of infant memory and the research it has inspired. ... Findings challenge interpretations that presume loss of information from storage and confirm the suggestion of B. A. Campbell and J. Jaynes that reinstatement is a potent mechanism by which the effects of early experiences continue to influence behavior after lengthy time periods.
Why Neanderthals Hate Poetry: A Critical Notice of Steven Mithen's The Prehistory of Mind
Sarnecki, J. and M. Sponheimer. Philosophical Psychology, 2002, 15 (2): 173-184.
Consciousness Is Nothing But A Word
Schlinger, Henry D. Skeptic, 2008, 13 (4).
Re-Reading The Problem of Consciousness
Schneebaum, Rachel E. Senior Thesis. Williams College, 2009, May 25.
Dynamic Psychiatry and the Treatment of Anorexia Psychosis
Silver, Ann-Louise S. and Janice White. Journal of The American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 2011, 39 (1): 63-76.
Something from Nothing: Seeking a Sense of Self
Strate, Lance ETC: A Review of General Semantics, 2003, 60.
The topic I wish to take up here is the relationship between communication and the sense of self. ... I believe that an understanding of the materiality of communication leads naturally to the study of media, and to Marshall McLuhan's (1964) famous maxim, "the medium is the message" (p.7). For what is the common denominator that links medium and message, but material? The material is the message; it is the material that communicators draw upon for their content.
Religion: Is It All In Your Head?
Talan, Jamie. Psychology Today, 1998, 31 (2): 9.
Vilayanur Ramachandran, M.D., a neurologist, believes that somewhere in the brain's temporal lobes there may be neural circuitry for religious experience; he points to the fact that about 25 percent of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy are obsessed with religion. He thinks that these patients' seizures caused damage to the pathway that connects two areas of the brain: the one that recognizes sensory information and the one that gives such information emotional context.
A Research Note on Becoming What We Do in Career Development
Tiedeman, David V. Vocational Guidance Quarterly, 1978, 26 (4): 361-364.
In context of the breakdown of the bicameral mind, evidence is noted suggesting that we lose courage to aspire to higher levels of occupational responsibility during late adolescence as we fail to decide how to use our study time. ... Action without self-awareness (e.g., without study-time investment) constitutes a self-fulfilling prophecy. The solution lies in developing conscious "I" power to free individuals to grow.
What Do Invisible Friends Know? Imaginary Companions, God, and Theory of Mind
Wigger, J. Bradley, Katrina Paxson & Lacey Ryan. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2013, 23 (1).
Theory of mind (ToM) research has been carried out in relation to a variety of human and nonhuman agents such as parents, friends, God, Mayan forest spirits, and animals. The present study adds a new agent to the list - the imaginary/invisible friend. Three types of ToM tasks were administered to 36 children, ages 2 to 8, who had invisible friends at the time of the tasks: occluded picture, background knowledge, and surprising contents tasks. The knowledge attributed to imaginary companions was compared to the knowledge attributed to God, as well as to a human and to a dog. Results showed that younger children tended to attribute knowledge to all agents, including imaginary friends. Older children treated God differently from all other agents, but the invisible friend was also treated differently from the human and the dog. Implications regarding cognitive development and anthropomorphism are considered, as well as for the in-between character of invisible friends.
Inner Speech as a Language: A Saussurean Inquiry
Wiley, Norbert. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 2006, 36 (3): 319-341.
The Fragility of Identity, and the Tenacity of the Processes, in Psychotherapy
Wilkinson, Heward. International Journal of Psychotherapy, November 2001, Vol. 6 (1): 253.
Editorial: To Know or Not to Know: Science, Beliefs, and Values in Psychotherapy
Wilkinson, Heward. International Journal of Psychotherapy, 2000, Vol. 5 (2): 93-102.
How to be Bicameral: Reading William Connolly's Pluralism with Whitehead and Deleuze
Williams, James. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, 2008, 10 (2): 140-155.
This article argues that the concept of bicameralism is central to William Connolly's pluralism. The concept is analysed in terms of its roots in political bicameralism, in the bicameral mind and in organic bicameralism in order to show its richness and its capacity to provide positive answers to a series of standard criticisms of pluralism. ...
Woods, Angela. Journal of Mental Health, 2013, Vol. 22 (3): 263-270.
For 25 years, the international Hearing Voices Movement and the UK Hearing Voices Network have campaigned to improve the lives of people who hear voices. In doing so, they have introduced a new term into the mental health lexicon: "the voice-hearer."
A World Without Gods: This Troy Could Have Done with Some Divine Intervention The Evening Standard, May 13, 2004. (movie review)