Reflections on the Dawn of Consciousness: Julian Jaynes's Bicameral Mind Theory Revisited


Michael Carr

MICHAEL CARR retired from teaching at Otaru University of Commerce in Japan and now works as a freelance translator in Hawaii. He has published extensively on Chinese and Japanese linguistics and lexicography, including the New Japanese-English Character Dictionary.

Scott Greer

SCOTT GREER is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology at the University of Prince Edward Island. He is also Editor for the Canadian Psychological Association journal, the History and Philosophy of Psychology Bulletin, and is coordinator for the annual Julian Jaynes Conference on Consciousness. Dr. Greer has published over a dozen articles on the history and theory of psychology, with particular emphasis on the history of self research and psychoanalysis.




JOHN HAMILTON retired as Director of Psychology from Gracewood Hospital, the original Georgia facility for the mentally and physically handicapped. Presently he works with Katherine Sturm, therapist, in a research and education project specializing in interpersonal relationships.

Julian Jaynes

JULIAN JAYNES (1920–1997) is author of The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. He taught psychology at Princeton University from 1966 to 1990, lectured widely, and published numerous academic articles.

Marcel Kuijsten

MARCEL KUIJSTEN is Founder and Executive Director of the Julian Jaynes Society. He received his bachelor’s degrees in Psychology and English from California State University and his MBA from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. He is co-editor (with Brian McVeigh) of The Jaynesian, the newsletter of the Julian Jaynes Society.

John Limber

JOHN LIMBER is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of New Hampshire where he teaches and investigates topics relating to language, consciousness, and the evolution of primates.

Brian J. McVeigh

BRIAN J. MCVEIGH teaches in the East Asian Studies Department at the University of Arizona. He received his Ph.D. in anthropology from Princeton University and was a student of Julian Jaynes. He has written seven books and researched nationalism, bureaucracy, historical psycholinguistics, education, gender, religion, and linkages between psychology and material culture.

Michael Persinger

MICHAEL A. PERSINGER is Professor of Behavioral Neuroscience, Psychology, and Biology at Laurentian University. During the past 40 years he has been investigating the relationship between brain structure and behavior by exposing rodents and human beings to weak, physiologically-patterned magnetic fields. He has published more than 200 technical articles in referred journals and written six books.

Jan Sleutels

JAN SLEUTELS is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Leiden University. His teaching and research interests range from metaphysics to philosophy of mind and cognitive science. He is currently working on a large project in media philosophy.

David C. Stove

DAVID C. STOVE (1927-1994) taught philosophy at the University of Sydney from 1960 to 1987. He published books on the philosophy of science and on Darwinism as well as numerous academic and controversial articles. His views were atheist and conservative, his style biting.



JUNE F. TOWER and her husband, Walter Tower, were neighbors and friends of Julian Jaynes and his family.

William R. Woodward

WILLIAM R. WOODWARD took his master’s in psychology with Julian Jaynes at Princeton in 1967–1969. His Ph.D. comes from Yale in history of science and medicine. He has published articles on scientific biographies of many psychologists and co-edited four books. He teaches international, ethnic, and political psychology from an historical perspective.