Discussion of Julian Jaynes's third hypothesis - dating the development of consciousness to roughly 1500-1200 BCD in Egypt, Greece, and Mesopotamia (the transition occurred at different times in different places around the world). Includes analysis of ancient texts (such as the Iliad, the Odyssey, and the Bible), linguistics, and archeological evidence from ancient civilizations as it pertains to the transition from the bicameral mind to consciousness.
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I read a book entitled Burning Water, Smoking Mirror which claimed Aztec sacrifices of captives/slaves were not regarded as killing a person, because the Aztecs believed that captives souls or identities were merely part of their captors. I cant recall the author (a woman? read in the 1970s?)