Hearing Voices and the Bicameral Mind

Julian Jaynes, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1986, 9, 3, 526-527.
Reprinted in Marcel Kuijsten (ed.), The Julian Jaynes Collection (Julian Jaynes Society, 2012).

Abstract: Discusses auditory verbal hallucinations (VHs) from the viewpoint of case examples, historical evidence, evidence in children, VHs in a nonverbal population, and the bicameral mind. It is suggested that R. E. Hoffman’s discussion of VHs and schizophrenia neglects important considerations (i.e., the history, content, variety, and ubiquity of VHs).