The Characteristic Features of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations in Clinical and Nonclinical Groups

Frank Larøi, Iris E. Sommer, Jan Dirk Blom, Charles Fernyhough, Dominic H. ffytche, Kenneth Hugdahl, Louise C. Johns, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Antonio Preti, Andrea Raballo, Christina W. Slotema, Massoud Stephane, and Flavie Waters, Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2012, 38, 4, 724-33.

Abstract: Despite a growing interest in auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in different clinical and nonclinical groups, the phenomenological characteristics of such experiences have not yet been reviewed and contrasted, limiting our understanding of these phenomena on multiple empirical, theoretical, and clinical levels. We look at some of the most prominent descriptive features of AVHs in schizophrenia (SZ). These are then examined in clinical conditions including substance abuse, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, dementia, late-onset SZ, mood disorders, borderline personality disorder, hearing impairment, and dissociative disorders. The phenomenological changes linked to AVHs in prepsychotic stages are also outlined, together with a review of AVHs in healthy persons. A discussion of key issues and future research directions concludes the review.